In the fifth survey conducted by the National Family and Health Survey (NFHS), it was found out for the first time that there are 1,020 women for every 1,000 men. The report of the survey was released by the Union Health Ministry on November 24.
In 1990 when Nobel laureate Amartya Sen coined the term "missing women", there were 927 women per 1,000 men in India. This indicates that the numbers are improving.
The report also stated that anaemia among children and women continues to be a cause of concern, with more than half of them being found anaemic in 14 states and UTs.
According to the findings, child nutrition indicators showed a slight improvement at an all-India level as stunting declined from 38 per cent to 36 per cent, wasting from 21 per cent to 19 per cent and underweight from 36 per cent to 32 per cent. In all phase two states and UTs, the situation improved in respect of child nutrition but the change was not significant as drastic changes in respect of these indicators are unlikely in a short span, the statement said.
Besides this, the total fertility rate (TFR) has fallen from 2.2 to 2.0 busts the population explosion myth and showing that India must steer away from coercive measures of population control, the Population Foundation of India said on Thursday.
The NFHS-5 survey was conducted in around 6.1 lakh sample households from 707 districts of the country.